Bond Covenants

Bondholder Litigation Support

Dr. Puffer created and implemented a Liability-Driven Investment strategy (LDI) for NAV CANADA’s $3Billion pension plan using derivatives. She was responsible for all aspects of investment management and asset mix for the pension fund. She restructured the real estate and equity portfolios. The strategy reduced the volatility of the plan’s solvency ratio and improved the risk profile of the pension fund. She worked closely with the Board, senior management, unions and the plan actuaries to develop a governance process for the pension plan including risk assessment, risk budgeting, optimization, and risk monitoring.
Dr. Puffer created and implemented a Liability-Driven Investment strategy (LDI) for NAV CANADA's $3Billion pension plan using derivatives. She was responsible for all aspects of investment management and asset mix for the pension fund. She restructured the real estate and equity portfolios. The strategy reduced the volatility of the plan’s solvency ratio and improved the risk profile of the pension fund. She worked closely with the Board, senior management, unions and the plan actuaries to develop a governance process for the pension plan including risk assessment, risk budgeting, optimization, and risk monitoring.
Twist Financial provides expert witness reports, pills testimony and litigation support in various areas of the capital markets.  Previous cases have included the BCE vs. Bondholders case that went to the Supreme Court of Canada, high yield emerging markets debt, and determining the current value of damages due to Telus bondholders in a case of early redemption.

Expert Witness - BCE vs. Bondholders

Dr. Puffer was a key expert witness and provided litigation support for BCE and their partners vs. bondholders in the context of Canada’s largest ever Leveraged Buyout transaction. The case was decided in favour of BCE at the Supreme Court of Canada and has had important effects on the Canadian market. An article by Twist Financial on the Implications of the BCE transaction and court case on corporate bondholders in Canada can be found here.

Implications of BCE Transaction for Bond Covenants

KPMG LLP – CMHC Report, August 2008. This report analysed the effectiveness of Canada Mortgage Bonds (CMB) as financing vehicles for Canadian residential mortgages and assessed the impact of the funding program on the cost of mortgages for Canadians.

Twist Financial interviewed markets participants associated with the CMB program, wrote extensive studies on the structure of Canadian mortgage and funding markets and on the academic literature that contributed to this report.  Dr. Puffer wrote the Addendum on Current Market Conditions (Annex C of the Report) that updated the report's findings to reflect the events and market reaction associated with the financial crisis.
Marlene Puffer in Benefits and Pensions Monitor, August 2008.

Read the Article